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  • President's Report
  • 45th Annual Meeting (2006)

    January 22, 2006 12:00 AM - January 25, 2006 12:00 AM

    President's Report

    President's Report

    • Jim Winter, Ecolab, Inc., St. Paul, MN

    Papers Presented at the Pre-Conference Symposium - Antimicrobial Resistance in Mastitis Pathogens

    Overview of Literature on Antimicrobial Resistance of Mastitis Pathogens

    • Ron Erskine, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, Michigan

    Public Health Significance of Antimicrobial Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria in Bulk Tank Milk

    • Bhushan Jayarao, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania

    Comparison of Resistance in Human Pathogens With Resistance in Mastitis Pathogens

    • Jeff Watts, Pfizer Animal Health, Kalamazoo, Michigan

    Nordic View Concerning Mastitis Pathogen Resistance

    • Olav Osteras, Norwegian Dairies Association, As, Norway

    The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS)

    • David White, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, Maryland

    Papers Presented at the NMC General Sessions

    Individual Cow Responses to E. coli Mastitis

    • Chris Burvenich, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

    Natural Defenses: Different Responses for Different Bacteria

    • Doug Bannerman, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, Maryland

    Selecting For Disease Resistance - Fact or Fiction?

    • Gina Pighetti, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Why Measure Acute Phase Proteins in Mastitis

    • Elizabeth Berry, Institute for Animal Health, Compton, United Kingdom

    Intramammary and Intramuscular Therapy of Subclinical Mastitis

    • Charlotte Sandgren, Swedish Dairy Association, Uppsala, Sweden

    Direct and Indirect Effects of Treating Subclinical Mastitis

    • John Barlow, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont

    Overview of Animal Welfare and Mastitis

    • Torkel Ekman, Swedish Dairy Association, Uppsala, Sweden

    Therapy as Part of the Animal Welfare Program

    • Dave Rhoda, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

    Ecology of Streptococcus uberis in a Pasture-Based Dairying System

    • Jane Lacy-Hubert, Dexcel, Hamilton, New Zealand

    Streptococcus uberis Ecology in Housed Cows

    • Jim Cullor, University of California, Davis, California

    Comparison of Bacteria Populations Within Clean and Recycled Sand Used for Bedding in Dairy Facilities

    • Michaela Kristula, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania

    Use of Post-Digested Separated Manure Solids as Stall Bedding - A Case Study

    • Curt Gooch, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Bedding Counts In Manure Solids

    • Larry Smith, Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio

    The Contribution of Science to Progress in Machine Milking

    • Graeme Mein, Werribee, Australia, advisor for Sensortec, Ltd., Hamilton, New Zealand

    Practical Machine Checks and Maintenance

    • Tom Herremans, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Liners And Teat End Health

    • Ynte Schukken, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Mycoplasma Mastitis: It Just Won't Go Away

    • Larry Fox, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington

    Diagnosing Mycoplasma Mastitis

    • Ruben Gonzalez, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Getting the Jump on Mycoplasma Outbreaks

    • Al Britten, Udder Health Systems, Bellingham, Washington

    Posters Presented at the Technology Transfer Session

    A New Teat Sanitizer Containing Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide

    • Michael D. McKinzie, DeLaval, Kansas City, Missouri ;
    • Julie D. Hellstrom, DeLaval, Kansas City, Missouri

    A Preliminary Analysis of the Relationship Between Wash Water and Bulk Tank Milk Quality on Ontario Dairy Farms

    • Nicole Perkins, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • David Kelton, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Ken Leslie, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Karen Hand, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • George MacNaughton, Dairy Farmers of Ontario, Mississauga, Ontario

    Ability of Consistency Index to Predict SCC Standard Violations in the Next 7 or 30 Days

    • J. Lukas, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota ;
    • M. L. Kinsel, Agricultural Information Management Inc., Ellensburg, Washington ;
    • J. K. Reneau, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota

    An Evaluation of DeLaval DCC for Determining Udder Health Status in Dairy Cattle

    • Ken Leslie, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Jessica Yeung, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Randy Dingwell, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Anna Bashiri, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Nicole Perkins, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Erin Vernooy, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario

    An Evaluation of the Efficacy of On-Farm Pasteurization of Waste Milk in Seven Western NY Dairies

    • Michael Capel, Perry Veterinary Clinic, Perry , New York ;
    • Hillary Wentworth, State University of Geneseo, Geneseo, New York ;
    • Gerald Welch, Quality Milk Production Services, Geneseo, New York ;
    • Ynte Schukken, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell b-Defensins: Antibacterial Activity Against Veterinary and Foodborne Pathogens

    • S. P. Oliver, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • B. E. Gillespie, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • B. Tamilselvam, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • R. A. Almeida, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Characterization of Enterotoxin and Toxic Shock Syndrome Genes in Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Milk of Cows with Mastitis

    • V. Srinivasan, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • A. A. Sawant, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • B. E. Gillespie, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. I. Headrick, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • L. Ceasaris, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. P. Oliver, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Characterization of the Antibody Subclass Response to a Commercial Staphylococcus aureus Bacterin

    • Christopher Luby, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri ;
    • John Middleton, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri ;
    • Jonathan Bell, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri ;
    • Jeffrey Dill, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri ;
    • Ryan Bader, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri

    Clinical Mastitis Incidence in Wisconsin Dairy Herds

    • Nigel Cook, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • Rebecca Mentink, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin

    Colonization by Mycoplasma spp. on Mucosal Body Sites in Cows and Replacements: The Relationship To Mastitis, A Preliminary Report

    • Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington ;
    • Lawrence Fox, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington

    Comparing the Use of Systemic Antibiotics with Intramammary Antibiotics in Dry Cow Therapy

    • Nial J. O'Boyle, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, Michigan ;
    • Walter M. Guterbock, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, Michigan ;
    • Philip M. Sears, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, Michigan

    Comparison of Selected Methods For Identification of Staphylococci and Streptococci Isolated From Bovine Milk Samples

    • Leane Oliviera, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • Carol Hulland, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • Pamela Ruegg, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

    Comparison of Somatic Cell Count Trends After Treatment of Clinical Mastitis With and Without Intramammary Antibiotics

    • Stevie Smith, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York ;
    • Bradley Rauch, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York ;
    • Ynte Schukken, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York ;
    • Frank Welcome, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Composite Milk Samples for Identifying Infected Cows

    • Warren D. Gilson, , University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia ;
    • Stephen A. Nickerson, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia ;
    • Lane O. Ely, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia ;
    • Joseph M. Haslett, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia ;
    • Jeffrey B. Nation, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia

    Defined Daily Dose to Estimate Antimicrobial Usage on Dairy Farms

    • Martin Pol, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • Pamela Ruegg, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

    Detection of Enterotoxigenic Strains of Staphylococcus aureus Using Multiplex PCR

    • Mandeep Sidhu, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Abhijit Gurjar, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Narsimha Hegde, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Brenda Love, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Bhushan Jayarao, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania

    Development of DNA Extraction and PCR Amplification Protocols For Detection of Mycoplasma bovis

    • Paola Cremonesi , Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technologies ;
    • Chiara Vimercati, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • Gigliola Perez, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technologies ;
    • Massimo Luzzana Bianca Castiglioni $lastName ;
    • Paolo Moroni, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Discriminating Between Strains of Escherichia coli Using Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis and Box PCR

    • L. Cesaris, Dipartimento Patologia Animale, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • B. E. Gillespie, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • V. Srinivasan, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • R. A. Almeida, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • A. Zecconi, Dipartimento Patologia Animale, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • S. P. Oliver, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Effect of a Non-Intrusive Periparturent Protocol to Decrease Somatic Cell Count at First Calving

    • Todd C. Charnetzki, The Ripple Group LLC, Sun Prairie, Wisconsin

    Effect of Year, Stage of Lactation, Parity, Breed and Region on Goat Milk Somatic Cell Counts

    • M. J. Paape, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, Maryland ;
    • G. R. Wiggans, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, Maryland ;
    • D. D. Bannerman, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, Maryland ;
    • D. L. Thomas, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • A. H. Sanders, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, Maryland ;
    • A. Contreras, Murcia University, Murcia, Spain ;
    • P. Moroni, University of Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • R. H. Miller, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, Maryland

    Effectiveness in the Reduction of New Intramammary Infections in the Dry Period by the Use of an External Teat Sealant in Heifers at Prepartum

    • C.N. Acuña Pasqualini, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina ;
    • G.F Casasnovas, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina ;
    • C.F.Macazaga $lastName, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina

    Effectiveness of a Non-antibiotic Treatment for Digital Dermatitis Using a Novel Split-Footbath Design

    • Charles Gradle, Cali Edler, Murray Smith ;
    • Cali Edler $lastName ;
    • Murray Smith $lastName

    Effects of a Barrier Teat Dip in the Prevention of New Intramammary Infections

    • Pablo Janowicz, DeLaval Inc., Kansas City, Missouri ;
    • Hernan Agüero, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile ;
    • Chris Foret, DeLaval Inc., Kansas City, Missouri

    Efficacy of a Lactoferrin-Penicillin Combination to Treat Beta-Lactam Resistant S. aureus Intramammary Infections in Cattle

    • D. Petitclerc, Crea Biopharma Inc., Sherbrooke, QC, Canada ;
    • K. Lauzon, Crea Biopharma Inc., Sherbrooke, QC, Canada ;
    • A. Cochu, Crea Biopharma Inc., Sherbrooke, QC, Canada ;
    • C. Ster, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lennoxville QC, Canada ;
    • M. S. Diarra, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Agassiz, BC, Canada ;
    • P. Lacasse, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lennoxville QC, Canada

    Evaluation of Sanitizing Cloth Towels Method For Premilking Udder Preparation

    • E. Izak, Mastitis Prevention Services, Buenos Aires, Argentina ;
    • J. P. Araya, Mastitis Prevention Services, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Factors Affecting Milk Somatic Cell Count in Primiparous Cows of Northern Italy Dairy Farms

    • Valerio Bronzo, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Davide Chiesa, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Giuliano Pisoni, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Antonio Casula, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Paolo Moroni, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • Department of Animal Pathology $lastName ;
    • Hygiene $lastName ;
    • Public Health $lastName

    Inflammatory Response in Bovine Mammary Gland to Combination of Staphylococcus aureus Virulence Factors

    • Alfonso Zecconi, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Lorenza Cesaris, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Emmanouil Liandris, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Valentina Daprà, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Renata Piccinini, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy

    Intracellular Killing of Mastitis Pathogens by Penethamate Hydriodide Following Internalization into Mammary Epithelial Cells

    • R. A. Almeida, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • D. A. Patel, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • G. M. Friton, Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health GmbH, Ingelheim/Rhein, Germany ;
    • S. P. Oliver, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Macrolide and Lincosamide Resistance in Streptococcus uberis

    • Ellen Schmitt - Van De Leemput $lastName ;
    • Ruth N. Zadoks, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Milking-to-Milking Variability of Somatic Cell Counts in a 3X-Milked Dairy Herd and Effect on Ranking on DHIA Hotlist

    • Albert De Vries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • Jessica E. Belsito, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • Ben L. Butler, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • Sergio I. Madrid, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • Jose A. Villagómez-Cortés, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • David R. Bray, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • Dan W. Webb, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • Roger P. Natzke, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida ;
    • University of Florida $lastName ;
    • Gainesville $lastName ;
    • Florida $lastName

    Monitoring Bulk Tank Milk for Milk Quality in the State of Massachusetts

    • Dana Weir, Quality Milk Production Services, Cobleskill, New York ;
    • Michael Zurakowski, Quality Milk Production Services, Cobleskill, New York ;
    • Cathy Kaszowski, Masssachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, Boston, Massachusetts ;
    • Ynte Schukken, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

    Pattern of Milk Composition in Healthy and in Subclinically Infected Quarters

    • Renata Piccinini, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Emmanouil Liandris, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Valentina Daprà, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Enrica Binda, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy ;
    • Alfonso Zecconi, DIPAV - Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy

    Performance of a Water Conservation System for Pipeline Cleaning

    • Peter Havard, Nova Scotia Agricultural College, Truro, NS, Canada ;
    • Daniel Cudmore, Nova Scotia Agricultural College, Truro, NS, Canada ;
    • Don Anderson, Milk Quality Consultant, Sussex, NB, Canada ;
    • Ron Sampson, Province of PEI Udder Health Technologist, Charlottown, PE, Canada

    Phenotypic and Genotypic Identification of Staphylococcus spp. from Bovine Milk

    • Ruth N. Zadoks, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York ;
    • Carol Hulland, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • Natasha Belomestnykh, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York ;
    • Pamela Ruegg, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

    PortaSCC-IL&trade, , A Simple Colorimetric In-line Test for Somatic Cell Counts in Milk

    • Wai Tak Law, PortaCheck, a division of PortaScience Inc., Moorestown, New Jersey ;
    • Robert Harper, PortaCheck, a division of PortaScience Inc., Moorestown, New Jersey ;
    • Robert Keane, PortaCheck, a division of PortaScience Inc., Moorestown, New Jersey

    Preliminary Results of a Multi-Color Flow Cytometric Protocol to Determine the Viability of Bovine Neutrophils in Milk

    • S. Piepers, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium ;
    • S. De Vliegher, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium ;
    • S. Notebaert, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium ;
    • E. Meyer, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium ;
    • G. Opsomer, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

    Preliminary Validation of an On-Farm Culture System

    • Alfonso Lago, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota ;
    • Ken Leslie, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Randy Dingwell, University of Guelph, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario ;
    • Pamela Ruegg, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • Leo Timms, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa ;
    • Sandra Godden, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota

    Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcus Species Isolated from the Dairy Farm Environment

    • V. Srinivasan, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • H. M. Nam, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. J. Headrick, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • B. E. Gillespie, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • L. T. Nguyen, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. P. Oliver, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Prevalence of Antimicrobial Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria in Bulk Tank Milk

    • Beth Straley, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Sarah Donaldson, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Bhushan Jayarao, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania

    Prevalence of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcus species from Three Tennessee Dairy Research Herds

    • B. E. Gillespie, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. I. Headrick, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • M. J. Lewis, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. P. Oliver, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Prevalence of Intramammary Infections During the Dry Period in Argentina

    • C.N. Acuña Pasqualini, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina ;
    • C.F.Macazaga $lastName, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina ;
    • J. Gatti, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina ;
    • G.F Casasnovas, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina

    Probable Causes of Reduced Shelf-Life of Pasteurized Fluid Milk

    • Beth Straley, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Sarah Donaldson, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Mandeep Sidhu, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Sailaja Naidu, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania ;
    • Bhushan Jayarao, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania

    Reduction of the New Intramammary Infection in the Dry Period Due to the Use of an External Teat Sealant Applied At Prepartum

    • C.N. Acuña Pasqualini, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina ;
    • G.F Casasnovas, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina ;
    • C.F.Macazaga $lastName, PURO (United Milk Producers Cooperative from Route Eight) Laboratory, San Antonio de Areco, Argentina

    Relationship Between Reported Antimicrobial Usage and Phenotypic Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Mastitis Pathogens

    • Martin Pol, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ;
    • Pamela Ruegg, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

    Retrospective Comparison of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Streptococcus uberis Isolated From Dairy Cattle and Associated Antimicrobial Usage

    • A. Sawant, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • V. Srinivasan, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • B. E. Gillespie, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. I. Headrick, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • M. J. Lewis, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee ;
    • S. P. Oliver, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee

    Sand Bedding and Coliform Mastitis &ndash, A Case Report

    • Nigel Cook, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin

    Somatic Cell Count During and Between Milkings

    • Richard Olde Riekerink, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada ;
    • Herman Barkema, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada ;
    • Wytske Veenstra, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada ;
    • Frieda Berg, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada ;
    • Barb Horney, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada

    Appendix

    Summary of Peer-Reviewed Publications on Efficacy of Premilking and Postmilking Teat Disinfectants Published Since 1980 (2006 Update)